Suggestions for published research to be included in future Digests should be emailed to ccac_secretariat@unep.org, with the subject line 'For SLCP Research Digest' we particularly welcome published research from non-English sources.

Short-Lived Climate Pollutants

General Information
Black Carbon
2015 | Scientific Publications
Zhang, X., R. Rao, Y. Huang, M. Mao, M. J. Berg, & W. Sun

The first ever (to our knowledge), year-round measurements of Black Carbon (BC) aerosols in Hefei, an urban site of central China, from June 2012 to May 2013 are performed. The aim of this ...

Hydrofluorocarbons & Alternatives
2015 | Scientific Publications
Hu, L ., S. A. Montzka, J. B. Miller, A. E . Andrews, S. J. L ehman, B. R. Miller, K. Thoning, C. Sweeney, H, Chen, D. S. Godwin, K. Masarie, L . Bruhwiler, M. L . Fischer, S. C. Biraud, M. S. Torn, M. Mountain, T. Nehrkorn, J. Eluszkiewicz, S. Miller, R. R. Draxler, A. F. Stein, B. D. Hall, J. W. Elkins, & P. P. Tans

U.S. national and regional emissions of HFC-134a are derived for 2008–2012 based on atmospheric observations from ground and aircraft sites across the U.S. and a newly developed regional...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Mota-Babiloni, A., J. Navarro-Esbrí, Á. Barragán-Cervera, F. Molés, & B. Peris

This work presents an experimental analysis of a non-flammable R1234ze(E)/R134a mixture (R450A) as R134a drop-in replacement. While R134a has a high GWP value (1430), the R450A GWP is only 547....

Tropospheric Ozone
2015 | Scientific Publications
Chuwah, C., T. van Noije, D. P. van Vuuren, E. Stehfest, & W. Hazeleger

Exposure to surface ozone has detrimental impacts on vegetation and crop yields. In this study, we estimate ozone impacts on crop production and subsequent impacts on land use in the 2005–...

SLCP Impacts

Air Pollution & Health
2015 | Scientific Publications
Likhvar, V. N., M. Pascal, K. Markakis, A. Colette, D. Hauglustaine, M. Valari, Z. Klimont, S. Medina, & P. Kinney

Abstract

Background: Ozone and PM2.5 are current risk factors for premature death all over the globe. In coming decades, substantial improvements in public health may be achieved by...

A-multi-scale-health-impact-assessment-of-air-pollution
2015 | Scientific Publications
Basagaña, X., B. Jacquemin, A. Karanasiou, B. Ostro, X. Querol, D Agis, E. Alessandrini, J. Alguacil, B. Artiñano, M. Catrambone, J. D. de la Rosa, J. Díaz, A. Faustini, S. Ferrari, F. Forastiere, K. Katsouyanni, C. Linares, C. Perrino, A. Ranzi, I. Ricciardelli, & E. Samoli

Abstract – Background: Few recent studies examined acute effects on health of individual chemical species in the particulate matter (PM) mixture, and most of them have been conducted in...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Kim, P. S., D. J. Jacob, L. J. Mickley, S. N. Koplitz, M. E. Marlier, R. S. DeFries, S. S. Myers, B. N. Chew, & Y. H. Mao

Abstract - High smoke concentrations in Equatorial Asia, primarily from land conversion to oil palm plantations, affect a densely populated region and represent a serious but poorly quantified air...

Particulate Matter Air Pollution
2015 | Scientific Publications
Tomasi, C., A. A. Kokhanovsky, A. Lupi, C. Ritter, A. Smirnov, N . T. O'Neill, R. S. Stone, B. N. Holben, S. Nyeki, C. Wehrli, A. Stohl, M. Mazzola, C. Lanconelli, V. Vitale, K. Stebel, V. Aaltonen, G. de Leeuw, E . Rodriguez, A. B. Herber, V. F. Radionov, & T. Zielinski

Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness τ(λ)...

2014 | Scientific Publications
Regayre, L. A., K. J. Pringle, B. B. B. Booth, L. A. Lee, G. W. Mann, J. Browse, M. T. Woodhouse, A. Rap, C. L. Reddington, & K. S. Carslaw

Abstract - Aerosols and their effect on the radiative properties of clouds are one of the largest sources of uncertainty in calculations of the Earth’s energy budget. Here the sensitivity of...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Hamad, S. H., J. J. Schauer, J. Heo, & A. K. H. Kadhim

Baghdad is the second largest city in the Middle East and suffers from severe air quality degradation due to the high levels of the atmospheric particulate matter (PM). Limited information exists...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Salameh, D., A. Detournay, J. Pey, N . Pérez, F. Liguori, D. Saraga, M. C. Bove, P. Brotto, F. Cassola, D. Massabò, A. Latella, S. Pillon, G. Formenton, S. Patti, A. Armengaud, D. Piga, J. L . Jaffrezo, J. Bartzis, E . Tolis, P. Prati, & X. Querol

The seasonal and spatial characteristics of PM2.5 and its chemical composition in the Mediterranean Basin have been studied over a 1-year period (2011–2012) in five European...

SLCP Emissions Sources

Agriculture
2015 | Scientific Publications
Steinle, S., S. Reis, C. E. Sabel, S. Semple, M. M. Twigg, C. F. Braban, S. R. L eeson, M. R. Heal, D. Harrison, C. Lin, & H. Wu

Adverse health effects from exposure to air pollution are a global challenge and of widespread concern. Recent high ambient concentration episodes of air pollutants in European cities highlighted...

Biomass Burning & Cooking and Heating
2015 | Scientific Publications
Semmens, E . O., C. W. Noonan, R. W. Allen, E . C. Weiler, & T. J. Ward

Ambient particulate matter (PM) exposures have adverse impacts on public health, but research evaluating indoor PM concentrations in rural homes in the United States using wood as fuel for heating...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Kailasnath B. Sutar, Sangeeta Kohli

Improving the thermal as well as emissions performance of biomass cookstoves has been of interest to researchers for a long time. Despite there being a vast literature on the subject, several...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Washenfelder, R. A., A. R. Attwood, C. A. Brock, H. Guo, L. Xu, R. J. Weber, N. L. Ng, H. M. Allen, B. R. Ayres, K. Baumann, R. C. Cohen, D. C. Draper, K. C. Duffey, E. Edgerton, J. L. Fry, W. W. Hu, J. L. Jimenez, B. B. Palm, P. Romer, E. A. Stone, P. J. Wooldridge, & S. S. Brown

Brown carbon aerosol consists of light-absorbing organic particulate matter with wavelength-dependent absorption. Aerosol optical extinction, absorption, size distributions, and chemical...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Taylor, J. W., J. D. Allan, G. Allen, H. Coe, P. I. Williams, M. J. Flynn, M. Le Breton, J. B. A. Muller, C. J. Percival, D. Oram, G. Forster, J. D. Lee, A. R. Rickard, M. Parrington, & P. I. Palmer

Abstract - Wet deposition is the dominant mechanism for removing black carbon (BC) from the atmosphere and is key in determining its atmospheric lifetime, vertical gradient and global transport....

2015 | Scientific Publications
Diana Ürge-Vorsatza, 1, , Luisa F. Cabezab, , , Susana Serranob, Camila Barrenecheb, Ksenia Petrichenkoa

The purpose of this paper is to provide a source of information on thermal energy use in buildings, its drivers, and their past, present and future trends on a global and regional basis. Energy...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Jolleys, M. D., H. Coe, G. McFiggans, G. R. McMeeking, T. Lee, S. M. Kreidenweis, J. L. Collett Jr., & A. P. Sullivan

Abstract - Organic aerosol (OA) emission ratios (ER) have been characterized for 67 burns during the second Fire Laboratory at Missoula Experiment. These fires involved 19 different species...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Nordin, E. Z., O. Uski, R. Nyström, P. Jalava, A. C. Eriksson, J. Genberg, P. Roldin, C. Bergvall, R. Westerholm, J. Jokiniemi, J. H. Pagels, C. Boman, & M. Hirvonen

Abstract - Black carbon containing emissions from biomass combustion are being transformed in the atmosphere upon processing induced by tropospheric ozone and UV. The knowledge today is very...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Xiao, Q., E. Saikawa, R. J. Yokelson, P. Chen, C. Li, & S. Kang

Abstract - Yak dung is widely used for cooking and heating in Tibet. We measured real-time concentrations of black carbon (BC) and fine particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 μm or...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Sarigiannis, D. A., S. P. Karakitsios, D. Zikopoulos, S. Nikolaki, & M. Kermenidou

Abstract - This study deals with the assessment of the cancer risk attributable to PAH exposure, attributable to the increased use of biomass for space heating in Greece in the winter of 2012...

Fossil Fuels
2015 | Scientific Publications
McKaina, K., A. Down, S. M. Racitie, J. Budneya, L . R. Hutyrae, C. Floerchingerg, S. C. Herndong, T. Nehrkornh, M. S. Zahniserg, R. B. Jackson, N . Phillipse, & S. C. Wofsya

Methane emissions from natural gas delivery and end use must be quantified to evaluate the environmental impacts of natural gas and to develop and assess the efficacy of emission reduction...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Kanga, M. Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida,3, Xin Zhangb, Denise L . Mauzeralla,b,1, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc

Abandoned oil and gas wells provide a potential pathway for subsurface migration and emissions of methane and other fluids to the atmosphere. Little is known about methane fluxes from the millions...

Transport & Industry
2015 | Scientific Publications
Goel, R., & S. K. Guttikunda

For a 40-year horizon (1990–2030), on-road vehicle exhaust emissions were evaluated, retrospectively and prospectively, for the largest urban agglomeration in India – the Greater Delhi...

Waste
Cross Cutting & Other SLCP Source Sectors
2015 | Scientific Publications
Greenblatt, J. B.

This paper examines policy and technology scenarios in California, emphasizing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2020 and 2030. Using CALGAPS, a new, validated model simulating GHG and criteria...

2015 | Scientific Publications
Duyzer, J., D. van den Hout, P. Zandveld, & S. van Ratingen

Abstract - The suitability of European networks to check compliance with air quality standards and to assess exposure of the population was investigated. An air quality model (URBIS) was applied...

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